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给要考四六级的同学

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发表于 2003-12-2 16:48:10 | 显示全部楼层
考试中一定有用的句型

来源:天天英语网

一,开头句型
1.as far as ...is concerned
2.it goes without saying that...
3.it can be said with certainty that...
4.as the proverb says
5.it has to be noticed that...
6.it`s generally recongnized that...
7.it`s likely that
8.it`s hardly that...
it`s hardly too much to say that...
what calls for special attention is that...需要特别注意的是
there`s no denying the fact that...毫无疑问,无可否认
nothing is more important than the fact that...
what`s far more important is that...

二,衔接句型
a case in point is ...
as is often the case...
as stated in the previous paragraph如前段所述
but the problem is not so simple. therefore然而问题并非如此简单,所以……
but it`s a pity that...
for all that...in spite of the fact that...
futher, we hold opinion that...
however , the difflcult lies in...
similarly, we should pay attention to...
not(that)...but(that)...不是,而是
in view of the present sitation.鉴于目前形势
as has been mentioned above...
in this respect,we many as well (say)从这个角度上我们可以说
however, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is...然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面,即

三,结尾句型

i will conclude by saying...
therefore, we have the reason to belive that...
all things considered,总而言之
it may be safely said that...
therefore, in my opinion, it`s more advisable...
it can be concluded from the discussion that...从中我们可以得出这样的结论
from my point of view, it would be better if...在我看来……也许更好

 楼主| 发表于 2003-12-3 06:21:27 | 显示全部楼层
下面是一些经常用于短文开头和结尾的短语和句式,每一种都可根据不同内容灵活运用。考生
平时应有意多积累一些这样的习惯表达法,并逐步学会用于自己的短文写作中,以迅速提高书面表
达能力。
(一)常用于开头的短语、句式
( Phrases and Sentences Used to Start an Essay )
    1.With the(rapidly)growing popularity of(computers/private cars/Jazz/football
/basket ball/golf/tennis/classical music/pianos/American rock'n'roll/disco/frozen
food/fast food/coca cola/coffee/telephones/mobile phones/house interior decoration/
horticulture/going abroad to study/traveling/beauty salons/insurance/credit cards/
second job/supermarkets/pets)inChina,the quality of our lives have been considerably
changed.
    2. With the(rapid)growth of(our economy/population/private enterprises/light
industry/housing industry,)many problems such as(water shortages, traffic jams and
industrial pollution/waste of energy, lack of professionals and chaotic management)are
beginning to surface .
    3. With the development of(science and technology/market economy,/electronics
industry/women liberation movement/high education)more and more people come to
realize that ...
    4. Currently, there is a widespread concern over(illegal publication/drug abuse/
alcohol abuse/drunk driving/high school dropouts/teenage pregnancy/corruption of civil
servants/state owned companies in deficit/unemployment/high criminal rate/high
inflation rate/sexual discrimination/smoking/children with a single parent/traffic
accidents/fake products/pornography/disregard of public properties/grain production/
environmental pollution/acid rains/wildlife extinction/children abuse/food shortage/
water shortage/excessive use of chemical fertilizers/traffic jam/rapid urbanization/
overpopulation/tax frauds/fire hazards around us/waste of food/waste of energy/
negative influence of western cultures/violence/decrease of farmland).
    5. Currently, there is a serious concern that(many state owned companies are in
deficit.../quite a few Chinese cities face the problems of water shortages, industrial
pollution and waste of energy).
    6. The government is/We are seriously concerned with(overpopulation/high
inflation rate/drug abuse.)
    7. In the last two decades/In the past tell years, millions of(private
enterprises/supermarkets/beauty salons/fast food restaurants/garages/private
schools)have mushroomed all over China.
    8. In recent years, many Chinese families have owned(cars/telephones/video
cameras/computers...)
    9. Nowadays, a heated debate/discussion about... is under way in China. Some
people believe that  ....  whereas others argue that...
    10. There are some reasons for owning(private cars/personal computers). To begin
with  ....  Next  ....  Last  ....  There are, on the other hand, many reasons against
it. First  ....  Second  ....  Finally  ....
    11. There are many advantages and :disadvantages in(owning a car)
    12. Now an increasing number of people come to realize that..
    13. There is no doubt that...
    14. There are some basic differences between(the large and small enterprises)
In the small enterprise you  ....  In the large enterprise you...
    15. There are various/at least three ways/possible techniques/problems/methods)to
do something.
    16. Smoking/Alcoholic beverage should be banned from college campuses for two
reasons. The first reason is that... The second reason is that... (On the one hand
....  On the other hand  .... )
    17. The possible solutions of(the energy crisis/water shortages/these social
problems)depend an three factors...
    18. Thetwo major reasons responsible for(the rapid economic growth/the widespread
of fake products)are ...
    19. Different people have different attitudes towards ... Some are in favor of ...
while others are against ...
    20. When it comes to(private cars/trade protection/abortion/human right/
urbanization/market economy/recycling/banning fireworks etc,)most people believe that
...; but other people argue that...
(二)常用于结尾的短语、句式
(Phrases and Sentences Used to End an Essay)
在结尾段中还可以考虑下面的表达方法(如进行预见,提出建议,做出评议,发出号召或指出解决
方法等)
    1. It is hoped that we should place much emphasis on/pay more attention to
    2. To conclude, we can see that(the best way/the possible solution)is...
    3. In short,(shortage of water, decrease of fertile fields and environmental
pollution)are the major problems to be solved to(increase grain production.)
    4. In order to make our world a better place in which to live we should make great
efforts to  ....
    5. In a word, there are three suggestions we must follow, only in this way can we
(achieve a great success).
    6. It is time for us to take an active part in...
    7. Let us work hand in hand to(solve these social problems.)
    8. It goes without saying that  ....
    9. I wont to(be a teacher/do sth)not only because... but also because...
    10. Who is to say that(you will not be the victim of fake products again and again/
our scientists may not provide a better theory)?
发表于 2003-12-3 20:46:19 | 显示全部楼层
大学英语四六级考试万能作文试题模板 转贴
提纲式模块
(I)说明原因型
模块(一)
Nowadays ,there are more and more XX in some big cities . It is estimated
that ( 1 ).
Why have there been so many XX ? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.
The first one is that ( 2 ) .Besides,( 3 ) . The third reason is ( 4 ).
To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( 5 ) .
It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing ,( 6 ).
On the other hand ,( 7 ). All these measures will certainly reduce the
number of XX .
注释:
(1)用具体数据说明XX现象
(2)原因一
(3)原因二
(4)原因三
(5)指出主要原因
(6)解决建议一
(7)解决建议二
Generation gap between parents and children
Nowadays , there are more and more misunderstanding between parents and
children which is so- called generation gap . It is estimated that (75 percentages
of parents often complain their children's unreasonable behavior while children
usually think their parents too old fashioned).
Why have there been so much misunderstanding between parents and children?
Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows . The first one is that ( the two generations,
having grown up at different times, have different likes and dislikes ,thus the disagreement often rises between them) . Besides(due to having little in common to talk about , they are not willing to sit face to face ) . The third reason is (with the
pace of modern life becoming faster and faster , both of them are so busy with their
work or study that they don't spare enough time to exchange ideas ).To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( lake of communication and understanding each other) .
It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing (children should
respect their parents ).On the other hand ,( parents also should show solicitue for
their children). All these measures will certainly bridge the generation gap .
第二天:
(I)说明原因型
模块(2)
 In recent years , xx has caused a heated debate on ( 1 ).
 The factors for ( 2 ) .First of all ,( 3 ).Then , there
comes a case that ( 4 ). Moreover , ( 5 ) . Especially
when ( 6 ) .
Indeed, these unique points can be collected theo remind
people that ( 7 ).In this way ,we should behave just like
( 8 ).
The impact of Television
 In recent years , with the development of science and
technology ,80 percent of all homes in China have satellite
TV , offering as many as 50 channels .It has caused a heated
debate on (the impact of television on children ). Many
parents are worried about the impact of so much television
on children.
 The factors for (parents' worry is that children are indulge in
television and spend too much time on it .) .First of all ,(with so
many programs to choose from , children are not getting as much
exercise as they should ).Then , there comes a case that ( some
studies have show that excessive watching of television by millions
of children has lowered their ability to achieve in school ).
Moreover , ( the effect on children's minds are more serious than
the effect on children's bodies ) . Especially when ( the children
are too small to judge what programs are suit to them ) .
Indeed, these unique points can be connected to remind
parents that ( they should pay close attention to and responsibilities
for supervising their children's TV viewing ).In this way ,children
will not be influented too deeply .
(I)说明原因型
模块(3)
 Currently,XX has been the order of the day .This does demonstrate
the theory --- nothing is more valuable than XX .
 It is clear that (   1   ). If you (     2     ), as a result ,
your dreams willcome true . On the contrary, if you (  3     ).
Failure will be following with you .It turns out that all your plan falls through .
 No one can deny another fact that (   4     ) .You donn't have to
look very far to find out the truth , in respect that we all know (  5   ) .
It will exert a profound influence upon (   6   ).
 With reference to my standpoint ,I think (   7     ).
注释:
1 : XX的第一个优点
2: 支持XX的做法
3:不支持XX的做法
4:XX的第二个优点
5:举例证明优点二
6:说明XX优点三的影响第三天我写的相应作文:
The importance of self-confidence
 Currently, self-confidence has been the order of the day .
This does demonstrate the  theory --- nothing is more valuable
than self-confidence.
 It is clear that (self-confidence means trust in one's abilities ).
If you ( are full of self-confidence ,it will bring your creative power
to play , arouse your enthusiasm for work, and help you overcome
difficulties ), as a result , your dreams willcome true .On the contrary,
if you ( have no confidence in yourself, there is little possibility that
you would ever achieve anything ). Failure will be following with you。
It turns out that all your plan falls through .
 No one can deny another fact that (self-confidence gives you light
when you are in dark and encouragement when you are dismayed) .
You donn't have to look very far to find out the truth , in respect
that we all know (the secret of MMe.Curie lies in preserverence and
self-confidence, the latter in particular) . It will exert a profound
influence upon ( the achievement of one's ambitions ).

 With reference to my standpoint ,I think (he that can have
self-confidence can have what he will).


发表于 2003-12-5 02:27:21 | 显示全部楼层
四级词汇辨析

Politician: 政客
Statesman: 政治家

Fat: 肥胖
Plump: 丰满

Accuse: 指控 accuse sb. of sth.
Charge: 指控 charge sb. with sth.

Employer: 雇主 (正式)
Boss: 老板 (口语)

Capability: 能力
Capacity: 能力,容纳范围,产量

Assure: 向……保证,接that从句
Ensure:保证,接名词

Award:奖励奖金
Reward:报酬,回报

Climate:气候
Weather:天气

Combine: 把……与……结合(抽象)
Connect:把……与……相连接(具体)

Concrete: 具体的(感官可以触及的)
Specific: 具体细微的(与模糊宏观对应)

Conserve: 保存(强调珍惜节约)
Preserve:储存(使完好无损质量不变)

Convince:说服,接of
Persuade:劝说,接to do

Cure:治好某人的病(接sb of sth)
Heal: 疾病伤痕恢复(强调精神方面)

Decline:婉据
Reject:断然拒绝

Intense:紧张的,严重的,强烈的
Intensive:集中的,深入的,彻底的
Long:长的(中性)
Lengthy:冗长(贬义)

Refrain:克制,接form
Restrain:克制,限制,接sb from

Technique:具体的技术技能
Technology:泛指的技术

Young:年轻的(强调年龄小)
Youthful:具有青春活力的(与年龄无关)

Complicated:结构或情况复杂
Sophisticated:人的性格复杂

Continual:连续的(有中断)
Continuous:连续不断的

Imaginary:想象中的
Imaginative:(人)有想象力的

Aggression:武装侵略
Aggressiveness:性格咄咄逼人的

Spot:污点(圆点)
Stain:污渍(无规则)

Ashamed:(人)感觉耻辱的
Shameful: 无耻的(言行)

Committee:长期固定的委员会
Commission:特殊目的的临时委员会

Asleep:正在睡觉的
Sleepy:困倦的

Comparable:比得上的
Comparative:相当的,相对而言的

Comprehensible:可以理解的
Comprehensive:综合的

Compulsive:强迫的
Compulsory:义务的

Confident:自信的
Confidential:机密的
Conscious:有意识的
Conscientious:努力尽责的

Constructional:构造上的
Constructive:建设性的

Uninterested:不感兴趣的
Disinterested:公正无私的

Distinct:清楚的,清晰的
Distinctive:独特的

Bare:表面光突突的
Barren:贫瘠的,不育的

Economic:经济的
Economical:节省的,节俭的

Fictional:小说体的
Fictitious:虚构的

Grief:悲痛
Grievance:冤屈

Historic:有历史意义的
Historical:历史的

Honorable:可敬的,光荣的
Honorary:名誉的

Momentary:瞬间的,刹那的
Momentous:重要的

Tasty:美味的
Tasteful:有鉴赏力的

Sensible:明智的,有判断力的
Sensitive:敏感的

Industrial:工业的
Industrious:勤奋的

Sentiment:情感,情绪,(文学色彩)
Sentimentality:多愁善感,感伤
Social:社会的
Sociable:善于交际的

Stimulant:刺激物
Stimulus:刺激因素(抽象)

Applicable:可应用的
Advisable:可取的

Cooperation:合作
Corporation:企业

Costume:服装
Custom:习俗

Envelop:包裹(v)
Envelope:信封

Heroin:海洛因
Heroine:女英雄,女主人公

Human:人类的
Humane:仁慈的

Lightening:发光
Lightning:闪电

Literal:文字的,字面意义的
Literate:有文化的(有阅读写字能力的)

Personal:个人的(adj)
Personnel:人员,职员(n)

Principle:原则
Principal:主要的(adj),大学校长(n)

Successive:继承的,连续的
Successful:成功的

Rash:轻率的,匆忙的(adj)
Rush:冲,奔(v)

Precede:在……之前,先于
Proceed:进行,继续下去

Flash:闪光,迅速传过
Flush:脸红,水奔涌

Exceed:超出(规定范围)
Excel:优秀于,胜过(他人)

Approve:批准(上级对下级)
Agree:同意(泛指)

Consume:消费,消耗,吃掉
Dispose:处理掉

Transfer:调任。转移
Transport:运输

Incident:意外事件
Event:重大事件;活动或竞赛

Span:距离或时间的跨度
Scale:刻度,天平,数值范围

Procedure:程序,手续
Process:过程

Prestigious:享有盛誉的(常指机构)
Prominent:杰出的(贡献或人物)
发表于 2003-12-5 05:43:36 | 显示全部楼层
作文题目: “Women in the Modern World”

提纲:

1. Women are playing an increasingly important part in society today.____________

2. With the changes in their social role, women’s position in the family has been improved as well. ___________________

3. In spite of these changes, the liberation of women has not been completely realized.

___________________________



  

例1. (2分段)

??Women are playing an increasingly important part in society today. Long age, women only did something in the kitchen or at home. Now many of them have serious jobs to serve for people. What men can do so can women.

With the changes in their social role, women’s position in the family has been improved as well. Today in the family, the wife often lots her husband to do something at home bat ago, only women did something. Men are foned of doing something at home.

??In spite of these changes, the liberation of women has not been completely realized. Sometimes, the matter, the husband hitting has welf, often happened. In the factory the wonmen to as much as the men, but they are paid less than the men. Some people have not completely realized the liberation of women.



点评:条理不清,思路紊乱,大部分句子均有错误,有的甚至影响理解。

具体问题剖析:(1)缺乏逻辑,东一句西一句,没有围绕中心论述,如第一段就没有展开论述妇女社会角色的转变,说得太笼统而缺乏说服力。

(2)用汉语思维,句子有明显的汉语痕迹,如“What men can do so can women.”,应改为“Women can do what men can do”。

(3)衔接不自然,没有用适当的关联词,如“Sometimes, the matter, the husband hitting has welf, often happened”,应改为“The case that husband hits his wife often happens. ”

(4)拼写错误很多,大部分句子均有错误。





例2.(5分段 )

??Women are playing an increasingly important part in society today. In today, many women have a work. They worked as well as men playing an important part in factories. There are many women in government also. They lead other people country, and make out plans. There are many scientist slso. They event new things to improve our life.

??With the changes in their social role, women’s position in the family has been improved as well. In ancient, women’s position in family is pity. They had to looks after their children, did every how husband ordered her to do. But now it is changed. They are equal to her husband. They have the right of speaking of idea, discussion thing with her husband, do what she wants to do.

In spite of these changes, the liberation of women has not been completely realized. We also should realize, women’ likerty are limited. For example, many factories want men become its workers but the chance of women is less than men. Everyone should do their best to change this condition. I’m sure, the liberation of women would be increased.



点评:基本切题。但表达思想不清楚,连贯性差。有较多的严重语言错误。

具体问题剖析:(1)各段围绕中心句论述不深入,没有说服力。

(2)衔接不自然,没有用适当的关联词,如第一段几个句子之间可以用一些“besides”、“on the other hand”、“furthermore”、“in addition”等。

(3)语言错误较多,很多句子不通顺,如“In today, many women have a work.”应改为“Today, many women get a job.”(滥用介词);“In ancient, women’s position in family is pity”中pity应改为pitiful(词形误用);“They had to looks after their children, did every how husband ordered her to do.”中every 改为everything,how改为what(代词错误);“They have the right of speaking of idea, discussion thing with her husband, do what she wants to do.”应改为“They have the right to express ideas, discuss things with their respective husband, and do what they want to.”(人称代词前后不一致)。



例3.(8分段)

??Women are playing an increasingly important part in society today. Many Women today are playing an important part at works that was thought only could be done by the men before. For an example. Some women are not secrtary in the office, instead, they become manager of a company.

??With the changes in their social role, women’s position in the family has been improved as well. In the world today, more and more women have their own job. They get their own salary, and become more independent from their husband. With the economic situation improved, their family position is improving.

??In spite of these changes, the liberation of women has not been completely realized. Many husbands only want his wife to stay at home, and do house works or do some shopping. They only want their wife to be a housewife, but not a manager of a company.



点评:基本切题。有些地方表达思想不够清楚,文字勉强连贯;语言错误相当多,其中有一些是严重错误。 

具体问题剖析:(1)论证不够深入,缺少事例,缺少说服力。

(2)文字缺连贯、且显累赘,如第二段可以把各句再改得简练一点并且有适当的转承词。(3)语言错误相当多,如“For an example”,“Some women are not secrtary in the office, instead, they become manager of a company.”应改为“Some women are on longer secretaries in the office, instead, they become managers of the companies.”(单复数)





例4.(11分段)

??Women are playing an increasingly important part in society today. More and more women go to work to earn money instead of keeping the house or looking after the children. Women have entered many fields of society including scientific field. As we know, many women sports teams have won the world’s champions such as Chinese women’s Volleyball Team.

??With the changes in their social role, women’s position in the family has been improved as well. Husbands are not the masters of wives in many places. Husbands and wives are equal now. They join together to overcome difficulties and share happiness.

??In spite of these changes, the liberation of women has not been completely realized. Also in some places. Women are considered being “thing” belong to men. They have little chance to find jobs. They don’t get equal pay for equal job. This is a problem must be solved not only by society but also by women themselves.



点评:切题。表达思想清楚,文字连贯,用词比较准确,但有少量语言错误,如“Also in some places. Women are considered being “thing” belong to men”,应改为“Also in some places,women are considered being the “things”that belong to men”





例5.(14分段)

??Women are playing an increasingly important part in society today. In Many countries, more and more women are acting as workers, farmers, scientists and even leaders. We can say that almost all jobs which men can do are done perfectly by women. Women are no longer looked down upon by society.

??With the changes in their social role, women’s position in the family has been improved as well. Husband and wife are now equal in the family. They cope with problems of daily life together, and share happiness with each ther. Also, you can hardly find out that in today’s families, women are being busy with dinners, whereas men comfortably sitting in armchairs, reading newspapers.

??In spite of these changes, the liberation of women has not been completely realized. In spite of these changes, the liberation of women has not been completely realized. A number of men still jealously guard their rights, and regard women as incapable creature. Few women are allowed to attend important international meetings dominated by men. That’s really the problems we should solve immediately.



点评:切题。论证充分,有说服力,论证手段丰富(举例、正反)表达思想清楚,语言流畅,词汇丰富,连贯性好。用词准确,仅有个别小错误。
发表于 2003-12-6 04:44:03 | 显示全部楼层
废话
发表于 2003-12-6 08:35:46 | 显示全部楼层
好文采,
发表于 2003-12-7 17:48:13 | 显示全部楼层
大学英语cet六级词汇总结!!

概述:cet6中词汇有30道,共15分。30%是四级词汇,70%是六级词汇。一般48%的考生能拿7.5分,15%的拿10分,2%的拿15分。六级要求掌握5500个单词,与考研相比,只差206个。


订房间:make a reservation(出现两次)
商业方面的约定:commitment
一般的约定:engagement(也指订婚)
秀色可餐,太美了:gorgeous
签租约:lease
抵押,贷款:mortgage
分期付款:installment
与……相冲突:collide with

六级的最爱:
deprive of 剥夺;
budget 预算;
compensation 弥补,补偿
eternal永恒的;
intuition 直觉;
penalty 惩罚,点球;
potential 潜在的;
in terms of在……方面;
sheer完全的;
trivial 琐碎的;

六级的旧爱:regardless of 除了

六级新宠(2002)
demonstrate 演示;
demonstrated beauty 倾国倾城;
mingled情感、气息、气味的混合

记忆方法:词根法+联想法
spir=breath(呼吸)
inspire吸入空气——>产生灵感
conspiracy共同呼吸——>同谋者
expire断气——>过期,满期
perspire出汗,流汗
aspire不断地呼吸——>渴望

cess=go(走路)
access一再地走——>接近
excess超过——>过渡,超出
recess走回来——>休息
process前进,加工


vers=turn(旋转) form 形式
universe 围绕地旋转——>宇宙 reform 一再地改变形式——> 改革
单一的,同样的 conform 共同—>符合
converse 扭转 perform 演出
共同地 deform 不好的形式——>畸形
reverse 颠倒,反转,倒带 不好

diverse 不同的
vertigo 头晕
scend=climb(爬)
ascend v.攀登,轻薄物体的上升,
sophy智慧 声音从远处传来
sophisticated 复杂的,老于世故的 descendant n.后代(在你后面爬)
聪明的,睿智的 transcend v.超越,胜过
philosophy 哲学

cest跑
爱 智慧 ancestor 在前面跑——>祖先
sophomore 大二生 cur跑
ps:九三学社,上午九点起,下午睡到3点 precursor 在前面跑——>祖先
excursion 跑出去——>旅游
rupt=break(断裂)
bankrupt 破产 clude=close
interrupt 打断 exclusive a.排他的,独占的,专属的
corrupt r双写+co=共同 exclude v.排除在外
共同在断——>腐败——>破坏 exclusive interview 人物专访
inclusive a.包围住的,包括的
preclude v.预防,妨碍

scribe=write(写)
ascribe 归因于 rip(撕裂)
subscribe 订阅,提交 grip v. 抓
在下面 写 gripping 扣人心弦的
conscribe 征兵
circumscribe 限制 tent扩展,延展
圆圈 intentionally 故意地
content 内容
patent 怕传出去——>申请专利保护

bat=hit打斗 acro高
debate 争论 acronym(名字的词根)缩写
combat 搏斗 acrobat 高级的杂耍——>杂技
acrobat 杂技 anonymous没名——>匿名的

press压 tract 拖,拉
impression 压在你心里面——>印象 extract 拉出来——>萃取,提取
express 压出来——>表达 attract 一再地拉——>吸引(美好的)
suppress 往下压——>平息,镇压 distract 拉走了——>分散,转移,分神
oppress 压迫,压制 真题:这个
小村庄被独裁者压迫。

flict打 lump 肿块,疙瘩
conflict 一起打——>冲突,战争 hump 驼峰
afflict 一再地打击——>折磨 plump 丰满<——>bony骨感美人
inflict 自虐,自我折磨 goose lump外国人的鹅皮疙瘩

flicient cise 切
deflicient 缺乏的,不够的 precise 事先切好——>精确
subfficient 足够的 concise 共同切——>简洁的,简明的
proficient a.精通的;n.专家 compact 结实的,简洁的,紧凑的(常考)
efficient 效率的

stat 站在那 miss送
stationary 静止的 mission 送出去的——>任务
statue 全身雕塑 commission 共同送出去的任务—>委托,委任,佣金,回扣
dismiss 疏散,解散,解雇,免职
gest管道 omission 省略,忽略
digest分开管道——>文摘
congest共同走到管道—>交通拥挤 decline 下降
ingest 进入管道——>吃入,摄入 incline 倾向 be inclined to do 喜欢做
recline 斜躺(安娜卡列尼娜卧轨自杀)
pel推
repel 推回来——>相斥 ple 满,完成
compel共同往前推——>强迫,迫使 implement 实施,执行
propel 往前推——>推进 complement 相补充、相弥补
compliments 赞美之词

ped 脚
expedition 脚出去——>探险 fin 终点,范围
biped 双足的 confine 限制
pedal 脚蹬的地方 finish 完成
define 加强限定——>下定义 infinite 无限,极大
front 面对 definite 明确的
confront 使面临,对抗
affront 脸一直凑过去——>冒犯,侮辱
effrontery 厚颜无耻 ceed 走
proceed with=contine with
sist 站立 exceed 超过
resist 抵制 exceeding 巨大的
consist of 由……组成
persist (一直总)坚持 defect n.过失,错误
assist 帮助 affect n.影响,侵袭
effect n.效果,作用
superior 优良的,卓越的 infect v.传染,感染
superable 可取的,可胜任的
supreme 最高的,至高无上的 pat 父亲,祖国
superb 庄重的,极好的 patrol 巡逻
expatriate 驱逐出境
cede 走 compatriot 同胞(有共同的祖国)
concede妥协 repatriate v.遣返
recede 后退 patriot n.爱国者

perspective n.透视,全景 undertake 承担,许诺
inspect v.检查,视察 undergo 经历,遭受
expect v.期待 underscore 强调
prospect n.前景 underlying a.基本的
spectacles 眼镜 underline 强调
发表于 2003-12-7 17:49:24 | 显示全部楼层
bar 棍子
barbarian 野蛮人 vivid 鲜艳的
barren(ren=人)剩棍和人——>贫瘠 revive 复活
embarrass 用棍子打屁股——>尴尬 survive 存活
vivisect(切)活体解剖
prime 黄金时期,青春;主要的,最初的
primitive 原始的 hypo 低
preliminary 预备的 hypotension 低血压
hypothsis 假说

turb 搅动 hyper 高
turbine 搅动机 hypersensitive 高度敏感
turbulent 混乱的,动荡的=chaos
relent 反复地借——>v.使……宽厚,仁慈<——>relentless 无情,冷酷



shear v.剪羊毛;n.大剪刀(羊有耳朵ear)
sheer adv. 完全地
kernel r像花——>核
kennel 有n像门——>狗窝
sprout 有r——>v.发芽
spout 爆发
fragrant r一朵花——>香喷喷的
flagrant l像粪勺——>臭烘烘的,罪恶昭著的,声名狼藉的
ps:据说老俞当年是插秧no.1,对l情有独钟
haven 有个门 ——>避难所
heaven ea表示在……上面——>避难所在上面——>天堂
loom l高高的个子,oo大大的眼睛的mm在网上是很少的——>若隐若现
gloom 因此gg感到很郁闷——>郁闷,阴沉
morose mo白话“冇“的音—没有,rose代表爱情—没有爱情——>郁闷,阴沉
dismay(美mei)——>郁闷,沮丧
amorous 爱摸玫瑰(rose音同rous)——>好色的,色情的
ponderous 胖得要死——>笨重的
pest 拍死它——>害虫
gangster 干死他——>匪徒
chaos 吵死——>吵闹的;正确发音:[ ke,a:s]
quaint 把q看成g,汉语拼音:guai怪——>古怪的,新奇的
acquaint ac表示一再——>一再古怪,就见怪不怪——>熟悉
na&iuml;ve 奶糊的——>天真的,无邪的,——>幼稚
juvenile 久闻奶——>青少年
shatter 沙特被人连灌8球——梦想破碎——>破碎
acme ac米兰(能发展到ac米兰)——>顶点
aftermath 在马死后,要调查,就是引起余波——>余波
elegant 把leg想象成模特在t字台上走的大腿——>优雅
obscene 我不see/信——我不看——>下流的,淫荡的
obstinate 我不听你的——>固执的(考过)
appal 我怕——>恐惧
lobuster 老不死——>龙虾
blunder 不太烂的——>小错误 commit a blunder 犯小错(常考)
original 最初的,原创的——orginals n.原著
slippery 滑,老奸巨猾 ps:新东方老师杜子华 slip one’s mind 忘了……
plunge into 跳进 lung 肺,p(扑)进水里,水进入肺中,然后出来e(out)
plight把火扑灭——>困境 eg:no one can be a hero in plight.
decline 具体数字、数据下降,如汇率;婉言拒绝
ambiguous安必规(治疗精神病药)——>模棱两可,似是而非(考过)
absurd 爱不死——>荒谬(考过)
wallflower 壁花,局外人(特指在舞会中无人邀请的女孩)
spicy 辣味的
spic 看 conspicuous 看得到的——明显的(一般考交通标志很明显)
apprehension 一再地事先不知道——>理解,明白,忧虑,恐惧

tremendous 可怕的,巨大的,高速的(不要激怒老熊)
tremble 因恐惧而颤抖,trem恐惧;end结果——害怕结果——>可怕的
magnify 放大——>magnificent 精美的=gorgeous
cumulus积雨云——>accumulate一再地积累——>积聚,堆积
luxi住在银河仙女的皮肤(力士香皂)——>luxury拥有那种皮肤是件奢侈的事—>奢侈
fabricate (fabre纤维)——>编造,捏造
decent (低头看钱)找工作要看薪水——>合适的
despise (spit 吐口水)低头向他吐口水——>蔑视
innocent (被人抓住的小偷兜里没钱)——>无辜
scorn 长得像死玉米——>贬低
abuse (离开)——>滥用
abide (i=爱)离开爱——>忍受痛苦
subject to 1.=undergo 经历;2.=bring 带来
compatible with 与……相容(常考)
illumine 一路明——>照亮,点亮 illumination n.
revenge myself on sb .亲自报复
alternate a.轮流的,轮换的——>alternative a.其他的;n.另一选择
revenues pl.收入,税收 venues 维纳斯 想拥有她那样的身材就得付钱
in collaboration(共同劳动) with 与……相合作(文化艺术),与……相一致
tantalus n.致命的诱惑
tantalize v.逗弄
deviation from 与……相背离 真题:科学家的计算跟人们目测之间是存在偏差。
eligible 合格,符合条件的;negligible 可以忽略,不予重视的(考过)
intelligible 不告诉别人也知道——>容易被人理解的
ponder=contemplate 深思,思考
crucial (十字路口) 人生的十字路口——>关键时刻
stonemason 石头妈的儿子——>石匠
demo 民主——>condemnation 指责,谴责
ps:老江对李登辉说:“小李子,咱们应该……,共同建造一个民主的国家,你怎么能搞分裂呢?”
acute 尖的,敏锐的(02,1)急性病



六级中考到的“ 娱乐”
entertainment娱乐
enjoyment 自娱自乐
amusement (女神缪斯)最正宗的娱乐
pastime 休闲,娱乐
recreation (消遣,娱乐)
leisure 悠闲,安逸


六级中表示优秀的: 六级中表示拥护,支持者
prominent 优秀的 sponsors 发起人
eminent 突出的,杰出的 contributors 捐助人
outstanding 杰出的 vocal(声音上)
advocates一再地声援——>拥护者,支持者

六级关于二手房刮墙纸和粘墙纸
刮:scrape(也可形容摩天大厦)
粘墙纸:overlap一张一张地粘,在上面有所重叠

collide with 运动物体的相撞
bump into运动物体向静止物体相撞
coincide with 时间、空间上都是一致的

表示复制,模仿
reproductive 复制,生殖系统的
duplicate 复制,模仿

deliberately 不是随便想出来——>故意地,深思熟虑地
intentionally 故意地
dispatch/despatch=sent派遣,打发
external外部的 internal内部的
eternal 永恒的(常考)eg:pledge one’s eternal love.(发个永恒的誓言)
纪念林肯的长明灯:eternal fire
considerate 连吃都考虑到了——>考虑周到
considerable(能考虑的都考虑到了)量很大——>相当大的
degrade 降级(常考)degraded 品味低俗的,低级 degraded taste
ensure 确保,确定;
assure 确信、确保
pulse 跳——>repulsive 厌恶的,恶心的=nasty
retch 干吐都吐不出来——>恶心——>wretch我干吐都吐不出来—>可怜,可爱,不幸
consolidate(固体solid) 增强 position/power
enhance 增强 valuable/attrach/reputation
notion 观念,概念
notable n.著名 a.显著的 take notice of 注意
notify v.正式通知——>notification n.
notorious (常考)a.臭名昭著 notoriously=very
eg:you are notoriously beautiful.你十分漂亮。
heave=hoist 举重物
conceive of=think 想出(与deprive of都是六级的最爱)
propagate (paga=page)往前翻多一页——>breed 大量地繁殖
implicit (plic重叠)含蓄的;explicit 直接的
extravagance (vag 游荡;有多余的钱到外面游荡)=luxury 奢侈
accommodate 调停,调解=mediate=reconcile
significant 重要的<——>trivial去他的——> 不重要的(重要不重要,考点)
manifestation 用现象来证明 specification 详细说明,产品说明书
justification 公正 anticipation 预测
retort=refuse 反驳,顶嘴
vulgar 粗俗的;流行的,盛行的=prevail v. prevalent a.
真题:热带地区流行(prevail)红眼病.
degenerate 蜕化
deteriorate v.使……恶化
发表于 2003-12-7 17:51:06 | 显示全部楼层
几组“三剑客”(三个贱人)
1.遵守法律法规,每年必考 2.trans—
adhere(粘着,坚持) to transmission 文化的传递,电视广播
comply(顺从,承诺) with 传送,疾病的传播
comform(符合) to need/standard transition 季节的转变,年龄的过渡
adherent(宗教的)追随者 transaction 交易
transformation 改变,变换


3.—ously
spontaneously 自发地,天生地
simultaneously 同时地
homogeneously 单一地,同样地
instantaneously 立即,立刻地

substitute for代替
substitution 保险代理人
constitute v.组成
constitution 宪法 constitution amendment宪法修正案
institute n.学院学校
institution 机构


respectable 外表看起来受人尊重的 respectable和respected统一就是
respected 本身品质高尚的 consistent 一致的(考过2次)
respectful 尊重他人的,尊老爱幼
respective 各自的,分别的

理解,明白 诱惑
catch on induce 不好的
make sense of eg:eve and adam were induced to eat the
get at(始终没有成为答案) forbidden fruit.(亚当和夏娃)

lure诱饵——>诱惑 可好可不好
引起,引发 看
elicit 诱出,引起 gape 因为吃惊而盯着,比如看到猿猴
evoke 唤起,引起 gaze 对……什么感兴趣而紧盯,凝视
vex 使烦恼,恼怒 peep 偷窥 peeping tom 偷窥狂
arouse 唤起,引起 glimpse 瞥了一眼 love at first glimpse
trigger引发,引起 scan 搜索,扫描 scanner 扫描仪

表示困惑,迷惑 客观、主观(永陪)
bewilder人在野外——>迷惑 subjective主观的,个人的
confused objective 客观的
puzzle empirical 主观的,凭经验的(陪考选项)
arbitrary 专断的,凭主观的(陪考)
表示估计:
estimate 对一般数值、价格的估计 表示粗俗
evaluate 评价,评估 coarse 1、粗糙;2、言行举止粗鲁
assessment 评价资产、财产 vulgar 庸俗、冒犯
rough 表面粗糙的
鼓励,刺激
stimulate 渗透(常考)
inspire penetrate 渗透
motivate permeate 渗透、扩散
diffuse 发散的,普及的,也指政权的移交和转移
吸收
absorb 吸收并成为一部分 永恒,永远 (重点)
enroll 招收一些成员 eternal
suck 吸 sucking and ing permanent 永恒的,持久的
精神为之一振coca cola(但 perpetual (追,求)永久的
更多指吸毒快感) constant 不变的,持续的

精力充沛 复杂的
energetic(两者侧重于四肢发达,头脑简单) complex
robust(乐百士) intricate 错综复杂的
vigorous 比较好 complicated

会议 弱
conference feeble 非常薄——>脆弱(常考)
convention 国际性会议 frail 脆弱,易受伤害=vulnerable
forum 论坛 (以前在罗马供人讨论的圆桌) invalid (大病后)体弱,无效,过期的
summit 峰会(首脑级) weak 虚弱,体弱

开始 风景,景
initiate 在里面开始吃——>开始 landscape 陆地上最大的风景
embark at 开始 seascape 海景
embark on/upon 登船登飞机 scenery 风景,舞台上的布景
commence 开始 view 特定的地方,特定的风景
commencement 国外研究生的毕业典礼 scene 场面,情景,景色

表示大量:
an array (大批)of
hordes(游牧民族) of
swarms(一大群) of (未考过)
massive (大块的)of

固定表达:
show me to the door.把……领到门口
show me the door.拒之门外
show one’s teeth.极端愤怒
love me, love my dog. 爱屋及乌
a dog has two tails.欣喜若狂
every dog has his days.三十年河东,三十年河西。(风水轮流转)
cut short 剪头发 cut my hair 剃光头
you are totally a mess.你是个大混蛋。
reckon with 计算,认为
grease hand 给某人手上抹油——>行贿
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